The main source of electricity in the Middle East is from oil fired or gas fired power plants which burn natural gas or petroleum to produce electricity.
Cooling water towers, especially during higher temperatures, are susceptible to the growth of algae and slime. Chlorination, which uses liquid or Chlorine Gas, is conducted at various points of the overall process, such as during the intake water process, circulating water process, and water service process.
Sodium Hypochlorite is used to eliminate bacteria during the treatment of water. Hydrochloric Acid and Caustic Soda are used for various purposes, such as during the chemical cleaning of systems and to regenerate the mixed bed resin used in condensate polishing systems.